Brief Introduction about Taijiquan
Brief Introduction about Taijiquan（2）
The elbows: The elbows
should be drooped, and the arm be bended naturally, which is so-called
"seeking the straight in the curve, and reserving the power to
strike the enemy".
The hands: Stretching the five fingers, and lowering the wrist, making
Hukou (the part of the hand between the thumb and the index finger)
round and the palm in slightly, as holding a ball in it.
The waist: It must be in the right posture, because it is the center
of the action of the whole body, and the resource of the power. The
circumrotations, going forward and backwards, the changes between emptiness
and solidness of the body depend on the power of the waist.
The legs: Keeping the two legs bended, and differing emptiness from
solidness, which means that one should always put his center of gravity
on one. If you put the center of the gravity on the right leg, the right
leg is solid, while the left is empty. On the contrary, the left is
solid, while the right is empty. The differentiation of emptiness and
solidness is one of the principles of Taijiquan. If one understands
and does it well, his actions will be light and agile. Otherwise, his
steps will be heavy and sluggish, being easily controlled by the others.
The breath: So-called "Qi flows to Dantian (three inches under
the navel)" refers to deep and long abdominal breath. One, however,
should never press Qi down; he should make his breath smooth and natural.
The will and force: One of the characters of Taijiquan is using the
will instead of the force. When practicing Taijiquan, one should use
flexible force, make the body relaxed, no any fraction of clumsy force
being left between the tendons, bones and blood vessels. The body should
be soft and strong, steady and agile. The force is guided by the will
and is freely used. If one uses clumsy force, his actions will be slow,
sluggish. If the force emerges up to outside, he does not follow the
rules of Taijiquan. Someone may ask me what "using the will instead
of force" means and where the force comes from then? The answer
is that Qi follows the will, and the blood follows Qi. Under the condition
that the blood and Qi circle in the body and delivery nutrition to the
channels of the body, the true inner power will produce after long time
Action and quietness: The sitting down posture in Qigong is seeking
action from quietness, while boxing is seeking quietness from action.
When practicing, the practitioner should try to keep his mind calm and
concentrated. And in this case, his actions will be agile and round.
Hereinbefore, I have briefly dissertated the essentials of practicing
Taijiquan. The learners, however, must notice that Taijiquan is a sport
of the whole body, from head to foot. The key is at the mind. The mind
is the commander in chief, and the body is its solders. If the mind
is invigorated, the actions will naturally be agile and light. We should
integrate the inside and outside through harmonizing the will and the
actions of the body. Also we should pay attention to the coordination
of the upper and lower parts of the body, keeping whole body harmony.
If any part is out of order, the mind and Qi will be interrupted. Furthermore,
when practicing, we should guide the force by the will, and make them
continual, as "the huge river is running continuously". We
often say: "the movements should be like drawing silk from a cocoon",
which illuminates the importance of complement and continuation in practicing