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The Origin of Wu's Style Taijiquan  

Wu (吴) Yinghua

The origin of Taijiquan: It is said that Taijiquan originated at Chenjiagou Village in Wenxian County Henan Provinve, and its founder was Chen Wangting. Chen Changxing, who was a successor of Chen's family, imparted Taijiquan to Yang Luchan. Yang Luchan went to Beijing to teach Taijiquan, which made Taijiquan be known by the earthlings gradually. Various schools with different styles of Taijiquan were formed step by step; they are Chen's, Wu (吴)'s, Wu (武)'s, Sun's and Zhaobao styles.

Wu (吴) Quanyou (1834 - 1902), who was a Manchu, initiated Wu's Style Taijiquan. Wu Quanyou had learnt the big frame of Taijiquan from Yang Luchan (1799 - 1872). Following Yang Luchan's order, he became a disciple of Yang Banhou, who was Yang Luchan's second son, to learn the small frame of Yang's Style Taijiquan, in fact, he was taught by Yang Luchan himself. After years' hard work, he became a master being good at softness.

Wu Jianquan (1870 - 1942) was Wu Quanyou's son. He liked to practice Wushu as a child. He was good at riding and shooting, and could do the difficult action hiding himself under the abdomen of the horse. Guiding by his father, his attainments of Taijiquan increased steadily. In 1912, Xu Yusheng (1879 - 1945), who was one of the disciples of Yang's Style Taijiquan, established a Sports institute in Beijing, and asked Yang Shaohou, Yang Chengfu (1883 - 1936) and Wu Jianquan to teach Taijiquan there. From then on, Taijiquan opened to the public and was known by people who were out of the Wushu circle. As an event of sports, it benefited the society.
Master Wu Jianquan continued to develop his teaching, revise and modify, and enrich Taijuquan passed though by his family, removing the repeated and actions of jumping from the slow frame, and made the frame more soft and regular. Hence, the routine reformed by him became one that is stretching and continuous, and accordance with the theory of Yin and Yang, with more evident characteristics. As a result, a school of him was formed, and it comes down. There was another kind of frame - fast frame that maintains the body, hand techniques of jumping and applying power, which is for the further exercises.

The frame of Wu's Style Taijiquan is knit, relaxed, calm and natural, that presents its exclusive style: being agile, smart, round, and its actions being coherence. When practicing push hand, it demands that the practitioner's body keep upright and comfortable, the hand techniques be varied, exquisite, continuous and soft, calm and without rushed actions. As for large deflecting with moving steps, it is flexible and agile, whatever you stick or leave the opponent. Lan Cai Hua is a kind of free sparring, which is superb; when we start, it should be like a chopping river, which can not be described by words. Moreover, there are many traditional events of weapons in Wu's Style Taijiquan, such as Taiji sword, Taiji sword duel, Taiji broadsword, Taiji Spear 13 (big spear), Taiji sword and broadsword, Taiji Spear and Sticky- pole, etc.

Master Wu Jianquan moved to Shanghai in 1928 and taught Wu's Style Taijiquan there. He established Jianquan Taijiquan Society in 1935. In 1939, he set up Jianquan Hall, which was a place for the fans of Wu's Style Taijiquan to practice, at the tenth flour, Young Men's Christian Association, Xizhang Road, Shanghai. Master Wu died in 1942, which was a great loss to Wu's Style Taijiquan. After his death, Wu Yinghua and Ma Yueliang were responsible for the society. The Taijiquan Society has spread to many nations and areas internationally, such as Singapore, Philippine, Canada, Hong Kong and Macao, etc. There is a Taijiquan Club in UN, where Wu's Style Taijiquan is taught. At the present, Taijiquan spread worldwide, to serve the people over the world and is practiced everywhere.

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